Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury ( henceforth referred to as “TBI”) is caused by being hit or a jolt dealt to the head. It could also result from an item penetrating the head that damages the brain or otherwise causes the brain to act abnormally. TBI can happen when the head very suddenly hits an object at a rapid speed, or when a foreign object enters the brain tissue. TBI can result from a:
- car wreck,
- trucking accident,
- motorcycle accident,
- work accident,
- defective product, or
- an accident due to a dangerous condition on personal property.
If your TBI was caused by the negligence of another individual or party, you should immediately contact an experienced South Carolina Traumatic Brain Injury Attorney to make sure that you are protected and to make sure that you get the proper compensation.
Causes of TBI
- Bruising (internal bleeding): If your TBI was secured by a heavy blow to the head or jolt (seatbelt example above), the brain has forward momentum which causes it to continue, in accordance with physics, until stopped, which, in this case, is the skull. When the brain hits the skull, it causes blood vessels to tear and release blood into the brain which compresses the brain tissue as there’s no room for it in the small area of the skull. This compression will cause the brain tissue to malfunction or even die off.
- Whiplash is an example of such an injury. Your brain hits the front of your skull, then when the seatbelt causes your body to stop and your body moves back, the brain, too, flies backward and hits the back of your skull. Now your brain has bruises in different areas. These injuries are often referred to as “contra coup” injuries.
- Tearing: If the brain moves both forward and backward, it can cause the brain tissue to tear. This is extremely serious as this can cause the brain to stop working. This happens at a microscopic level meaning medical tests like a CT-Scan or MRI may not show this tearing.
- Swelling: Just like any other type of injury, the brain will swell. When the body tries to repair damage, the healing agents it sends, have no room to work as the skull is an enclosed space. There is no room, and the brain will swell causing the pressure to build up in your brain and can lead to permanent damage.
Showing TBI Symptoms?
Depending on the type of injury and the severity, the symptoms vary. In the case of a mild brain injury, you may not present with symptoms, or the onset may be delayed. Typical symptoms include:
- Bad taste in the mouth;
- Behavioral or mood changes;
- Blurred vision or tired eyes;
- Changes in sleep patterns;
- Fatigue or lethargy;
- Ringing in the ears;
- Trouble with memory, concentration, attention, or thinking.
Mild traumatic brain injuries are defined by loss of consciousness and/or confusion and disorientation for less than 30 minutes.
A person with a moderate or severe TBI may show these same symptoms, but may also have a headache that gets worse or does not go away, repeated vomiting or nausea, convulsions or seizures, an inability to awaken from sleep, dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes, slurred speech, weakness or numbness in the extremities, loss of coordination, and confusion, restlessness, or agitation.
If you or someone you know has any signs of moderate to severe TBI–seek medical attention immediately. The brain is extremely complex and sensitive and often times, the damage is irreversible. Containing the current damage and preventing any further injury is critical. Moreover, because the brain controls every single aspect of your body, maintaining proper oxygen levels, blood flow, and blood pressure is necessary.
It is possible that you could have TBI without immediately presenting symptoms after a car wreck. If you weren’t driving at a fast rate or didn’t hit your head, you may still have a TBI. If a seatbelt caused you to rapidly stop your body from moving forward, your brain still has that momentum and your skull would be the seatbelt. Your brain could smash into your skull to give you a concussion. TBIs can range from fairly mild (loss of consciousness) to severe (coma or amnesia). You need to find an aggressive attorney to represent you to ensure your rights are protected. Just as the brain’s complexity, the law surrounding TBI is also complex and unique. This requires a TBI attorney with both legal and medical knowledge.
TBI Is VERY Serious
As TBIs are complex, this post can’t possibly contain all of the information you need. Please learn more about TBIs by visiting our website. We suggest you do not wait to hire an attorney. If you believe that you or a loved one suffered a traumatic brain injury due to another person’s or business’s negligence, please contact us in Columbia, South Carolina, for a free consultation.